There are different boards of education in India, each following its own pattern pertaining to syllabus, books, exam patterns, etc. Each and every school will be affiliated to one board or the other. The Central Board of School is one such education board. It is the largest and the most popular board as it is under the Union Government of India. It determines the school policies and curriculums of all the schools that are affiliated with it. Most parents, particularly those working in the Central Government, prefer to put their children in the CBSE schools as it makes it easier for the children to cope if the parent/s should be relocated to any other state any time of the school year/s.
Besides the CBSE, the different states of India also have their own individual state boards of education to determine the standard and curriculum of the schools in that state.
Many students and parents alike are often confused when it comes to deciding between CBSE and state boards especially for students who are approaching their 10+2. This is because most entrance exams are conducted by the CBSE and based on the CBSE syllabus. To understand the difference between CBSE and state board, you first need to understand each one separately.
The main thing that defines an education board and sets it apart from other boards is the syllabus. So let’s take a look at how CBSE targets its syllabus as compared to state boards.
- CBSE focuses primarily on Science, Math and application-based subjects.
- CBSE schools follow modes of instruction only in English and Hindi.
- CBSE determines the guidelines for all central government schools.
- CBSE uses Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation (CCE) in its grading system.
- CBSE gives importance to scientific methods in subjects.
- CBSE reviews and updates its syllabus very frequently.
State Board Syllabus
- State boards give preference to the regional language, culture, state level topics and concepts of local relevance.
- Mode of instruction followed in state board schools will be English and regional languages.
- Only the schools registered with the state board of that particular state will follow the policies.
- Each state has its own grading system for schools.
- State boards give importance to practical implications in subjects.
- State boards rarely update their syllabus and curriculum.
For students aiming to appear in national competitive exams such as the JEE Main and NEET, CBSE board does come off as the better option as both these exams are conducted by CBSE itself and the syllabus is the same. This will help take the load off a little bit as the student will already be familiar with the syllabus and the marking scheme, possibly even the exam pattern too!
Having said that, it does not mean that students studying under state boards do not stand a chance to crack these entrance exams. In fact, the exam patterns for both the JEE Main and NEET are very unbiased and every student, whether from CBSE or state board, stands a fair chance to crack these exams.
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